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The Crusades

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns against the Muslims of the Middle East. Their main objective was to recover the Holy Lands. In this section of Medievality, you will find a list of all the Crusades. At the bottom, you'll find more articles with information about the advantages and disadvantages of them as well as the frequently asked questions that have arisen from this page.

Introduction to the Crusades - A short introduction to the Crusades. Also contains links to the nine Crusades.

The First Crusade - The history, causes and effects of the First Crusade. The Crusaders, summoned by the Pope, marched toward the Holy Land in an attempt to recover it from the Muslims.

The Second Crusade - The Second Crusade was called by the Pope in 1145 to fight the Turks who had taken the County of Edessa the year before. They now threatened to enter deeper into the Crusaders States.

The Third Crusade - The Third Crusade (1198-1192) was the joint effort by Germany, France and England (among others) to re-capture the Holy Land lost to Saladin in 1187.

The Fourth Crusade - The Fourth Crusade was launched by the Pope with the intention to recover Jerusalem from the Egyptians who had conquered is shortly before the Third Crusade.

The Fifth Crusade - Another attempt to recover the Holy Lands form the Egyptians who now were united and a very powerful force present all over the Holy Land.

The Sixth Crusade - The Sixth Crusade was of tremendous importance to Europe. First, it successfully recaptured Jerusalem and several other settlements. Second, it showed the pope's diminishing power in international affairs. All the subsequent crusades were inspired on this one.

The Seventh Crusade - Information about the Seventh Crusade and how the Khwarezmians retook Jerusalem.

The Eighth Crusade - The Eighth Crusade was a partial success that culminated in Edward\'s arrival.

The Ninth Crusade - This article explains the series of events that occurred after Prince Edward arrived to Egypt.
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